Volume 12: Nottinghamshire

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Current Display: Averham 1, Nottinghamshire Forward button Back button
Present Location
Reused in exterior north wall of the nave, above and to the west of an inserted late medieval north door, as part of its packing
Evidence for Discovery
Church Dedication
St Michael
Present Condition
Poor, damaged surface

A mere scrap, with only one face and a limited surface area visible. One edge (west) may be original and is mirrored by an incision defining a plain border. Alternatively this might be the medial band of a pattern with interlace to either side. Traces of interlace in the field are unclear because of damage but may include a proper over-and-under crossing.


No useful sense can be made of the doubtful patterning on this fragment. Its main diagnostic characteristic is its stone type, in a church fabric mainly comprising heterogeneous local stones and including areas of herringbone masonry from a major Norman building phase and a high-level doorway in the tower putatively of that era or earlier (Thompson 1912, 19; Brooke 1986, 211–15). Graham Lott advises that a number of other stones in the fabric also appear to be of Ketton Stone, however (Chapter II, p. 16). It is not therefore part of a cover or shaft from the prolific late pre-Conquest Ancaster quarries (Everson and Stocker 1999, 33–5, 35–46) and found comfortably within the distribution of those products (ibid., figs. 8 and 12), as Averham's location in the Trent valley just west of Newark might lead us to expect (Fig. 1, facing p. 1). Its technical petrological assessment points rather to a quarry zone that was active in producing building stone in the later pre-Conquest and Anglo-Norman eras (Jope 1964), but not so obviously minor funerary monuments. That may call into question the robustness of its identification as a pre-Conquest item.

Eleventh century?

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