Volume 8: Western Yorkshire

Select a site alphabetically from the choices shown in the box below. Alternatively, browse sculptural examples using the Forward/Back buttons.

Chapters for this volume, along with copies of original in-text images, are available here.

Current Display: Aberford 3, West Riding of Yorkshire Forward button Back button
National Grid Reference of Place of Discovery
Present Location
As Aberford 1a–b
Evidence for Discovery
See Aberford 1a–b
Church Dedication
St Ricarius
Present Condition
Only one complete arm survives; both faces are quite worn.

A free-armed cross-head of type B10. Both broad faces are edged by a narrow flat moulding. The background is punched. The remains of the armpits are plain.

A (broad): A fine double strand follows the outline of the armpits and crosses in the middle of the surviving arm, where it threads through a loose double-stranded ring before again following the edge moulding of the end of the arm. An incomplete version of the same arrangement can be seen in the other arm. A second double strand emerges from the centre to follow the outline of the space left by the outer strand and its ring. Collingwood (1915a, 130, fig. a) reconstructed this as a petal-like feature emerging from a central boss, but it is more probable that it forms a right-angled crossing with strands from the upper and lower arms.

B and D (narrow): The surviving armpits are plain.

C (broad): This face clearly has paired double strands crossing from arm to opposite, not adjacent arm, and framing the centre. In the surviving arm these strands are joined by a short double bar, curve inwards to accommodate the armpit, enclose a loose pellet, and then cross to form a terminal Stafford Knot (simple pattern E) which fills the end of the arm.


The angular interlace crossing at a right-angle on either side of the centre is found on five heads in England, all in the West Riding — here at Aberford, and on Collingham 5, Kirkby Wharfe 1 and 3, and Saxton 1 (Ills. 164, 432, 440, 688). While there are Manx parallels for this and for the angularity of the design, both suggestive of a Norse-Irish connection, some modification from the local tradition, exemplified by the cross-head Ilkley 8C (Ill. 373), is also possible (see Chap. V, p. 49).

First half of tenth century
Collingwood 1912, 128; Collingwood 1915a, 130–1, 289, figs. a–b on 130; Collingwood 1915b, 333, pl. on 330; Collingwood 1926, 328; Collingwood 1927, 97, fig. 121a–b; Bailey 1980, 219; Bailey 1984, 24; Lang 1991, 205
[1] The following are general references to the Aberford stones: Morris 1923, 549; Mee 1941, 17; Pevsner 1959, 69; Ryder 1993, 135.

Forward button Back button